Everything about the successful cultivation of tomatoes Oxheart: a favorite variety of pink tomatoes
There are a lot of varieties and hybrids of tomatoes. Therefore, now, in order to gain steady popularity among gardeners, any variety must stand out with something extraordinary or have some solid advantages. Perfection, as you know, is unattainable, but the Bull's Heart variety coped well with the first task. These tomatoes differ from relatives in their unusual shape, large (sometimes just huge) size and excellent taste. This is not to say that it will be easy to get a harvest, because the variety is quite demanding in care. But the unique taste of the fruit will pay off all the trouble.
Characteristics and description of the variety of tomatoes Bull heart and its varieties
Tomato variety Bull's Heart was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2003. There are no restrictions on the growing region. But in terms of ripening, it refers to late or mid-late. Accordingly, open field cultivation is only possible in warm southern regions. When planting in a garden in a temperate climate, the harvest can simply not wait. It takes 120-130 days to ripen the fruit.
Tomato Bovine Heart is loved by gardeners for yield, large-fruited and excellent taste of tomatoes
The bush is weakly leafy, determinate. This property means that its growth is spontaneously limited at the height set by the breeders, and a fruit cluster is formed at the point of growth. Nevertheless, the bush, unlike the vast majority of determinant tomatoes, is tall, powerful and spreading. In the open field, it stretches up to 1.5-1.8 m, in the greenhouse - up to 2 m. The plant will definitely need a fairly strong support and regular formation.
Most often, determinate tomatoes are compact, low plants, but the Bovine Heart variety is an exception.
The first inflorescence is formed above the 8-9th leaf. It's low enough and the tomatoes are large. A trellis or other support is imperative, otherwise the bushes will bend under the weight of the harvest or simply break. And the fruits lying on the ground are almost inevitably infected with rot.
Fruits with a smooth matte pink-scarlet skin, slightly ribbed. Irregular in shape, they resemble a heart in the anatomical sense of the word - oval tomatoes, noticeably flattened. The minimum fruit weight is 108-225 g. But the experience of gardeners shows that with proper care, tomatoes ripen much larger, up to 500-800 g. Moreover, not individual specimens, but in large quantities. The largest tomatoes ripen on the lower clusters, the higher, the smaller they are. On each bush, 5–7 brushes are formed, almost simultaneously.
The weight of individual tomato fruits Bovine heart is approaching a kilogram
Productivity - 3-4 kg per bush when cultivated without shelter and 8-12 kg in greenhouses, but here, too, a lot depends on agricultural technology. If you follow all the care recommendations, you can significantly exceed the declared figure.
The bullheart is not a hybrid. Accordingly, seeds from self-grown fruits are quite suitable for planting next season. But still, the planting material needs to be updated periodically. At least once every 4–5 years, you need to acquire new seeds, otherwise the tomatoes become noticeably smaller and lose their unique taste.
For planting, not only purchased, but also self-collected tomato seeds are suitable.
And the taste of the fruits of the Bull Heart is simply excellent - sweet, with a barely perceptible sourness emphasizing it. The pulp without whitish streaks, homogeneous, dense, sugary, granular on the cut, resembles a watermelon. The dry matter content is high, so the tomatoes do not differ in juiciness. Seed chambers are not numerous (4–5 pieces), seeds are small.
Tomato pulp Bovine heart is very dense, almost without juice
The Bovine Heart variety cannot boast of the presence of innate immunity. Nevertheless, his resistance to fungal diseases typical of the culture is quite good, he is sick relatively rarely. The exception is late blight, the prevention of which will have to be given special attention.
The peel of the fruit is rather thin, but they are distinguished by good transportability. When transported over long distances, no more than 5% of tomatoes are spoiled. Keeping quality is also good. In a refrigerator or other place where a small positive temperature is constantly maintained, they will lie for up to 12-15 days without losing their shape, pulp density and taste.
The experience of gardeners shows that in the Bull Heart tomato variety, the fruits on the lower brushes are significantly larger than on the upper ones.
The large size of tomatoes severely limits their use. Bovine heart is consumed mostly fresh. The variety is not suitable for pickling and pickling because of the sweetish taste, and because the fruits simply do not fit into the jars. But this is a suitable raw material for the preparation of tomato paste, ketchup, sauces.
For whole-fruit canning, Oxheart tomatoes are not suitable, but they make very tasty ketchup
Video: what a bovine heart tomato looks like
Many hybrids have been bred on the basis of the Oxheart tomato. Most of them were included in the State Register quite recently, in 2017–2018. They, like the parent, are suitable for growing throughout Russia, wherever gardening is possible.
- Gold. The bush is indeterminate. Fruits are more regular in shape, rounded-conical. Lemon peel. There are many seed chambers, more than six. The average fruit weight is 240–280 g. The yield when cultivated in a greenhouse is 13.6 kg / m².
- Compact. An early ripening hybrid. The inflorescence is complex. The fruits are round, pointed at the base, the ribs are almost invisible. The peel is rich scarlet. There are six or more seed chambers. The mass of a tomato is 160–200 g. The yield when planted in closed ground is 6–6.7 kg / m².
- Creamy. In terms of ripening, it belongs to the mid-season. The inflorescence is of an intermediate type. The pulp is less firm than other varieties. Ribs are weak. The skin is of an unusual creamy beige color with a slight yellowish undertone. The average weight of a flattened tomato is 350–400 g. Productivity is 10.6–12.8 kg / m² when planted in greenhouses. Fruiting until the first frost.
- Raspberry. Mid-season hybrid. Indeterminate bush, densely leafy. Fruits without ribbing, rounded. Average weight - 350-500 g. Skin of deep crimson-scarlet color. There are 4–6 seed chambers; the seeds are very small. Remove up to 6 kg of fruits from 1 m².
- Orange. In terms of ripening, it belongs to mid-season or mid-late. Leaves are unusually long. Fruits with pronounced ribbing, the flesh is extremely dense, almost without juice. The skin is very beautiful saffron shade. Fruits are one-dimensional, weighing 300–350 g. The characteristic taste is somewhat less pronounced than that of other varieties. Productivity in a greenhouse - up to 11 kg / m². Compared to relatives, it has better immunity, more resistant to drought. Regular pinching is necessary.
- Peach. Early ripe, ripens the very first of the whole series. The pulp is noticeably watery. The skin is orange-pinkish. The fruits are noticeably ribbed. Average weight - 200-300 g. Productivity - 7.8-8.5 kg / m².
- Pink. Medium ripening hybrid. The bush is densely leafy, determinate, rarely stretches above one and a half meters. Fruits are pinkish, slightly ribbed. The flesh is not particularly firm. The weight of the tomato is 250–350 g. Productivity - 7.5–8 kg / m².
- Black. Early ripening. The leaves are elongated. Fruits are slightly ribbed, almost one-dimensional (350–400 g). The skin is of a very unusual brownish-purple color with a greenish undertone. But to get this shade, you need good lighting. The pulp is very tender, almost without seeds. The yield for the series is practically a record - 12.9-13 kg / m².
- Chocolate. Fruits are round in shape, practically without ribs. The skin is reddish brown. The average weight of a tomato is 240–280 g. The yield is very high - 12.9–13.1 kg / m².
- Amber. Fruits are round, with almost imperceptible ribs. The skin is dark orange or terracotta. The average weight of a tomato is 350–400 g. 10–12 kg of fruits are removed from 1 m² in greenhouses.
Photo gallery: hybrids bred on the basis of the Oxheart tomato
- Of all the hybrids of the series, the Bull Heart Gold variety has the highest yield.
- The fruits of the Bull Heart compact hybrid are not very large, this also affects the overall yield
- Tomatoes Bovine heart cream, in addition to the unusual color of the skin, stand out for the duration of the fruiting period
- Tomato seeds Bull heart raspberry are so small that they are almost not felt when eating
- Tomato's taste is orange bovine heart is slightly worse than that of other hybrids, but the variety has better immunity
- Tomato Bovine peach heart bears the harvest of the very first of all
- Tomato bush Bovine heart pink, like the parent, determinant
- The shade of the tomato skin conceived by the breeders.Bull heart acquires black only if the fruits receive enough sunlight
- And the chocolate bovine heart hybrid, on the contrary, needs partial shade to obtain a characteristic skin tone
- The amber bovine heart is one of the newest hybrids, gardeners are still practically not familiar with it.
Growing tomato seedlings
Seedling method of growing is the only possible way for tomatoes. Bovine heart, this is due to the ripening time. When planting seeds in open ground, the harvest can not wait even in regions with a subtropical climate. Due to the late maturity, the varieties are sown early, already in early March.
Planting material undergoes preliminary preparation in several stages. First, the seeds are checked for germination using a solution of ordinary table salt (15–20 g / l). Those in which there is an embryo are noticeably heavier than empty ones, so they sink to the bottom, and those unsuitable for planting float. It takes 7-10 minutes to reject seeds that will definitely not germinate.
Saline solution helps to immediately reject substandard tomato seeds
Then they are immersed in cold water, preferably thawed, for 12-14 hours. It is useful for enhancing developmental processes and stimulating growth. Water can be replaced with any biostimulant. Along with purchased drugs (Epin, Emistim-M, potassium humate, Immunocytofit), folk remedies (baking soda, aloe juice, succinic acid tablets, potato juice) are widely used. In the latter case, the processing time is increased to a day.
Treatment with any biostimulant, including aloe juice, helps to awaken the embryo of the seed
The final stage of preparation is disinfection. The resistance to pathogenic fungi in the Bull Heart is good, but it does not hurt to play it safe. The most common remedy is a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. But copper-containing preparations, preferably of biological origin, are also quite suitable. These are, for example, Tsineb, Strobi, Alirin-B, Fitosporin-M. The time of etching with fungicides is no more than 15–20 minutes. In potassium permanganate, the seeds are soaked for 5-6 hours. After that, they need to be rinsed in clean water.
Potassium permanganate is one of the most common disinfectants
Next, the processed seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth, gauze, napkin and provide them with warmth for several days. You can, for example, put a saucer on a battery. After 2–4 days they hatch and can be planted.
Seedlings from sprouted tomato seeds appear 3-4 days faster
The soil and containers for seedlings are also prepared in advance. The Oxheart variety is a good choice for a purchased substrate for Solanaceae. If the soil mixes independently, it must be taken into account that at any stage of development these tomatoes are important for its nutritional value. An obligatory component is humus, to which about half the amount of peat crumbs and sand is added for looseness. Plant the Oxheart seeds in common containers or boxes that are shallow and wide. Then the seedlings will still need a pick, so you can slightly save space on the windowsill. Both the soil and containers must be disinfected. The soil is fried in an oven or microwave, frozen, steamed. The containers can be doused with boiling water.
Tomatoes Bull heart is quite satisfied with the store-bought soil for seedlings
Directly growing bovine heart tomato seedlings is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- The containers are filled with soil, creating a layer 4–5 cm thick. The substrate is slightly watered with warm water and the surface is leveled.
Both purchased and independently mixed substrate must be disinfected before planting tomatoes
- Seeds are planted one at a time, with an interval between them of 4–5 cm, and between rows - 8–10 cm. Sprinkle on top with a thin layer of humus (up to 1.5 cm), mixed with fine sand.
Tomato seeds are planted, trying to comply with the recommended interval - so it will be easier to dive them.
- The containers are, if possible, hermetically sealed with polyethylene or glass to create a greenhouse effect. Non-sprouted seeds do not need light, but warmth is important. The temperature in the room is maintained at a level of at least 25 ° C; if possible, bottom heating is provided. The shelter is briefly cleaned daily to get rid of the accumulated condensation.
Plastic wrap creates a greenhouse effect, accelerating the germination process
- As soon as the tomatoes sprout, the greenhouse is removed for good. The temperature of the content is lowered to 15-18 ° C. Now the seedlings need to be provided with at least 12-14 hours of daylight. In most of the territory of Russia, the sun is not enough, so you will have to use artificial light sources - fluorescent, LED or special phytolamps.
The phytolamp is placed 25-30 cm above the containers with seedlings at a slight angle
- The dive of seedlings is carried out in the phase of the second true leaf, approximately 3 weeks after the emergence of seedlings. Unlike the vast majority of garden crops, for which the procedure is a great stress, it is even useful for tomatoes, since the root system of plants after it is noticeably strengthened, which further facilitates adaptation to new environmental conditions. The seedlings are watered about half an hour before it, then they are removed from the common container together with a lump of earth on the roots and are seated one at a time in plastic or peat cups with a diameter of 8-10 cm, filled with the same substrate.
For most garden crops grown by seedlings, diving is a lot of stress, but tomatoes tolerate the procedure calmly.
- 7-10 days after picking tomatoes are fed with any complex fertilizer for seedlings. The procedure is repeated after another 2 weeks. Water them sparingly, but often, as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries up.
Tomato seedlings are fed, strictly observing the fertilizer dosage recommended by the manufacturer
- They begin to harden the seedlings 12-15 days before disembarking to a permanent place. At first, outdoor exposure is limited to 2-3 hours, then extended to the whole night. In the last 2-3 days before planting, the seedlings may not be brought home at all. The optimum temperature for hardening is 10–14 ° С.
Hardening has a positive effect on the immunity of plants, makes it easier for them to adapt to a new place
In the ground, seedlings of the Bovine Heart can be transferred 55-60 days after sowing the seeds. By this time, the seedlings should be at least 25 cm long and have 5-8 true leaves. In central Russia, when grown under cover, they are transplanted in the first decade of May, and transferred to open ground at the junction of spring and summer. If the climate in the region is milder, the dates are shifted 1.5–2 weeks ago.Accordingly, seeds for seedlings should be planted earlier.
You should not hesitate in planting tomato seedlings in a garden bed, overgrown specimens adapt worse and longer
Video: planting tomato seeds for seedlings and further caring for it
Planting seedlings and preparing for it
Tomato variety Bovine heart is quite capricious. This also applies to the requirements for cultivation conditions. An open place is selected for the garden. The culture does not tolerate a dense shade, but it also does not like direct sunlight. Therefore, it is advisable to grow these tomatoes under a canopy of any white covering material.
Bovine heart tomatoes are planted so that each bush is provided with sufficient area for nutrition.
Areas are immediately excluded where groundwater is located a meter or closer below the surface of the earth. In the absence of an alternative, you will have to build high beds (0.5 m or more).
The bushes of this variety are large enough, the root system is developed. Therefore, no more than two plants are placed per 1 m² in a greenhouse and three in an open field. The spacing between adjacent bushes is about 1 m, the row spacing is 70–90 cm. You also need to provide a place for a trellis or other support.
Getting a bountiful harvest is impossible in a substrate of inadequate quality. The soil must be highly nutritious, but at the same time rather light, providing the possibility of normal aeration and preventing moisture from stagnating at the roots. The most suitable substrate is gray soil or loam. If its composition is far from optimal, sand (for heavy soil) or powder clay (for light soil) is added.
The quality of the substrate is also affected by the culture previously grown in this place. The bovine heart is never planted after other tomatoes and, in general, any Solanaceae, if less than three years have passed. Good precursors for the crop are green manure, herbs, onions, garlic, plants from the Pumpkin family, Legumes and Crucifers. And the Bull's heart is very much in favor of the neighborhood with garden strawberries. In both crops, the fruits ripen in larger ones, respectively, the yield also increases.
Eggplants, like other plants from the Solanaceae family, are undesirable predecessors for tomatoes.
You need to take care of the preparation of the garden in advance, even last fall. They immediately find out the acid-base balance of the soil. If it differs from neutral, dolomite flour, wood ash or eggshell powder (250-450 g) are added during the digging process along with the necessary fertilizers. To increase fertility, manure (necessarily rotted) or compost, about 10 liters per linear meter, is distributed over the garden. Of the fertilizers in the fall, potash and phosphorus are needed - respectively 25-30 g and 40-50 g. Nitrogen (10-15 g) is applied in the spring, simultaneously with loosening the beds, which is carried out about two weeks before planting the Ox heart.
Humus is a natural remedy for increasing soil fertility
Video: soil preparation for tomatoes
A greenhouse for tomatoes is also prepared in the fall. If possible, it is advisable to completely change the soil. Or at least add 8-10 cm of fresh humus. The soil is dug up, at the same time getting rid of all plant debris, and spilled with boiling water or a saturated raspberry solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection. Glasses and in general all surfaces are wiped with a solution of slaked lime for the same purpose. Or you can burn a small piece of a sulfur checker with tightly closed doors and windows.
Ideally, before planting tomatoes in the greenhouse, you need to replace all the soil, if this is not possible, the substrate is at least disinfected
To enrich the soil with nitrogen and improve its quality in the greenhouse at the beginning of autumn, you can plant any green manure (mustard, vetch, phacelia). After about two months, the greens are mowed and embedded in the soil.
It is advisable to plant tomatoes in cloudy, not too hot weather. By this time, the ground should warm up enough. It is sufficient if the daytime temperature does not drop below 17 ° C during the previous week.
Previously, both seedlings and holes are well spilled with warm water. Put a handful of humus and some ash on the bottom. Seedlings are planted so that at least 3-4 cm remain from the ground to the bottom pair of leaves. The bushes are well watered again, it is advisable to mulch the garden. The next watering is carried out only when the seedlings take root in a new place and start growing. This usually takes about 10 days. At about the same time, they will need to be tied to a support. After another 1.5 weeks, it is advisable to spud the bushes to stimulate the development of adventitious roots. Tomatoes in open ground, at least for the first two weeks, are protected from direct sunlight using covering material on arcs.
Planting tomato seedlings in the ground is practically no different from a similar procedure for other horticultural crops
Video: planting tomato seedlings in the garden
Outdoor and greenhouse tomato care
The need for regular and thorough care is considered one of the main disadvantages of the Bull Heart variety. But for the sake of large and remarkably tasty fruits, gardeners are ready to endure something else.
Tomatoes Bull's heart, if the weather is not too hot outside, are watered at intervals of 4–5 days. As the bush grows, the rate is gradually increased from 5–7 liters per plant to 10–12 liters by the time of flowering. In the heat, water is plentiful, up to 15 liters. The best time for the procedure is early morning or late evening. Water is used only warm, settled. The leaves of bushes that lack water turn dark and numb, curling along the central vein.
The most preferred method for the Oxheart is drip irrigation. It allows water to be delivered directly to the roots without eroding the soil. If it is not technically possible to organize such a system, it is watered along annular grooves around the base of the stem or along longitudinal grooves in the aisles. Sprinkling for culture is a completely inappropriate option. Drops of water falling on the plant provoke a massive fall of buds, flowers and fruit ovaries. Pathogens of many fungal diseases are also spread through them, in a greenhouse they can cause sunburn. And if you pour water under the roots from a watering can or a hose, the substrate is quickly washed off from them, they become bare and dry.
Ideal for any variety of tomatoes - drip irrigation
In the greenhouse, in addition to sufficient soil moisture, you will also have to monitor the level of air humidity. The Bovine Heart variety is moisture-loving, but this applies only to the soil, not the atmosphere. For the latter, the optimal indicator is 65–70%. Therefore, every time after watering, the greenhouse must be ventilated. The container with water standing in it is covered with a lid. The room temperature is maintained at 22–25 ° С during the day and 16–20 ° С at night.
When growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, in addition to the level of soil moisture, you will have to monitor the humidity of the air.
Proper watering is especially important during the formation of fruit ovaries. Moisture deficiency provokes their massive fall. And about a month before harvesting, it is recommended to reduce it to the required minimum. Otherwise, the fruits of the Ox heart will turn out to be watery, the pulp will never acquire the characteristic taste of the variety.
Irrigation from a watering can, a hose and any other method of irrigation in which drops of water fall on the bush is absolutely not suitable for tomatoes
This tomato shows good drought tolerance, but it is still not worth experimenting. If you do not have the opportunity to permanently live in the garden, mulch the soil. It is also extremely harmful to alternate periods of prolonged drought with rare but abundant watering. This provokes massive cracking of the fruit.
Video: tips for growing tomatoes in the open field
The bovine heart tomato needs increased doses of nutrients throughout the growing season. The type of fertilization does not matter, the bushes respond equally well to both organic and mineral fertilizing. They are brought in every 12-15 days.
The first time the bushes are fertilized 2–2.5 weeks after planting in a permanent place. During the first month, Oxheart tomatoes need nitrogen. This macronutrient helps bushes to actively build up green mass. In the future, it must be abandoned completely. Excess nitrogen in the soil increases the risk of infection with pathogenic fungi, inhibits the formation and ripening of fruits, and negatively affects their taste.
Like other nitrogen fertilizers, urea in the right doses is needed for a tomato bush only in the early stages of development.
During the first month after planting, mainly nitrogen-containing mineral fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate) are used, diluting 10-12 g in 10 liters of water. 2-3 liters of solution are consumed per bush.
Then you can alternate complex fertilizers for tomatoes with any organic fertilizers. These are, for example, infusions of nettle and dandelion leaves, banana peel, yeast, black bread, fresh cow dung, and bird droppings.
Nettle infusion is prepared for 3-4 days, filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 8 before use.
In the last month before the fruit ripens, wood ash is very useful. It is a natural source of potassium and phosphorus. Experienced gardeners advise sprinkling fruit ovaries with a solution of boric acid (2-3 g / l) to make them stronger.
In the greenhouse, the interval between fertilizing increases to 15–20 days. There is no rain washing nutrients out of the soil. And its oversaturation with micro- and macroelements is harmful for tomatoes.
Video: the nuances of caring for tomatoes in a greenhouse
Variety Bovine heart belongs to the category of determinant, nevertheless it needs to be formed. They lead the bush in one, maximum two stems. In the first case, all stepchildren are removed (lateral shoots growing from the leaf axils) and foliage up to the first fruit cluster. Leave 2-3 leaves above the last ovary, no more. In the second, the role of another stem is assigned to the first stepson. The main one is pinched after 2-3 fruit clusters are formed on it.
In order for the fruits of the Bull Heart tomato variety to ripen large, all unnecessary must be removed from the bush
The stepchildren carefully break out or cut with a sharp knife so as not to damage the main stem. Bushes of the Bull's Heart do not differ in dense foliage, so there is no need for additional removal of leaves.
Tomato Stepson is a lateral shoot that forms in the leaf axil
As the bush grows, it is tied to a trellis or other support. Most likely, there will be a need to fix the fruit brushes, because they are massive in the Bull's heart. Also tying them up will help prevent them from touching the ground. The simplest trellis is several supports along the bed and a wire or rope stretched between them in 3-4 rows. In a greenhouse, you can tie bushes to the ceiling. Its height should be at least 2.5 m so that the Oxheart tomatoes feel comfortable.
When growing a tomato, a Bull's heart will have to be tied to a support not only stems, but also fruit brushes
Fight against late blight
The first symptom of late blight is grayish-brown, rapidly growing spots on the leaves and stems. In conditions of high humidity, the reverse side of the sheet is tightened with a whitish cotton-like bloom. Then brownish spots appear on the fruits. The tissues under them soften and rot. Crop losses can be up to 70%.
Late blight is a real scourge of all plants from the Solanaceae family
To prevent the development of late blight, the seeds must be disinfected before planting. Seedlings 2-3 days after planting are sprayed with a solution of colloidal sulfur, soda ash or kefir diluted with water with the addition of iodine. Further, it is advisable to carry out such treatments weekly, alternating means. Another folk remedy for prevention is a piece of copper wire tied around the base of the stem. The soil in the garden is periodically sprinkled with sifted wood ash, and several crystals of potassium permanganate are added to the water for irrigation.
If nothing is done, late blight will deprive the gardener of a significant part or even all of the tomato crop.
Fungicides are used to combat the disease. Most gardeners prefer modern biological products (Ecosil, Bayleton, Baikal-EM), but there are also those who prefer time-tested chemicals (copper oxychloride, Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate).
If the moment for the fight is missed, and almost all the leaves are already affected, the tomatoes are immediately treated with a salt solution (1 kg per 10 l). This will destroy all the foliage, both infected and healthy, but will not allow the fungus to transfer to the fruits, they will have time to ripen.
Video: late blight and methods of dealing with it
Growing Bovine Heart Tomatoes at Home
For growing at home, the bull's heart tomato variety and any of the varieties derived from it are not very suitable. The main reason is the size of the plant. For such bushes, there is not enough room even on the balcony, let alone on the windowsill. Their root system is powerful, developed, in the close volume of the pot, it will not feel very good.
In addition, early ripening varieties with a ripening period of no more than 90-100 days are most often chosen for planting at home. A bull heart does not meet this criterion either.
For planting on the windowsill and on the balcony, tomato varieties are chosen, whose appearance is radically different from the exterior of the Bull's Heart
Plants of this variety are difficult to provide with nutrients in the right amount. With their deficiency, the fruits simply will not ripen. But raising the dose or shortening the intervals between feedings is also not an option.
Superdeterminate tomato varieties from the ampel or standard category are ideal for the windowsill, the bush in which does not stretch more than 0.5 m in height. It is also desirable that they be small-fruited - such tomatoes ripen faster. As you can easily see, Bull's Heart is from a completely different opera.
Reviews of tomatoes Bull heart
The description of the Bovine Heart tomato variety attracts many gardeners. But not everyone can get a bountiful harvest. The first problem is late ripening. If you delay planting, you can simply not wait for the fruits, especially in temperate climates and in the open field. And their large-fruited means the need for increased doses of nutrients and moisture, competent formation of the bush. Accordingly, you will have to regularly devote time to caring for the plantings. Nevertheless, the original taste and high yield, with proper agricultural technology, compensate for all the inconveniences.
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Features of growing and caring for pink tomatoes
Pink tomatoes are more demanding to care for than red ones, but in turn they are more delicious. To grow them, you need several subtleties in growing:
- They need more abundant watering and frequent feeding. The soil should be moistened, as lack of moisture leads to crumbling of the fruit.
- In turn, an excess of moisture is undesirable for many varieties, due to the susceptibility of the fruit to cracking.
- The resulting crust on the soil after watering interferes with the saturation of the roots with oxygen, which impairs the development of the plant and future yield. After each watering, the land must be loosened, while removing the weeds that have appeared.
- You need to feed the plants with complex mineral and organic fertilizers.
- Preventive spraying against diseases and pests allows you to completely protect plants and future crops.
- Due to the large size of pink tomatoes, almost all varieties require tying and shaping.
- Pickling is a prerequisite for good fruiting.
If you follow these simple conditions of care, you can grow an excellent and healthy crop.
All varieties of pink tomatoes, with good care, give an excellent harvest. Regardless of where they grow, tomatoes always delight with excellent taste and bright fruit color.
Tomato bashful blush description of the variety - Portal about the construction site
Determinant and indeterminate tomatoes and their characteristics
The tomato is planted with seedlings. Sow seeds in the second half of March. After 55-60 days, the seedlings will be ready to be transferred to a permanent place in a greenhouse, greenhouse or fresh air in a garden. Planting scheme: 40 × 60 cm. For 1 sq. m place 3 bushes.
Attention! In some sources, this tomato is called a hybrid. In fact, this is not the case. Collect seeds and plant them next season - get the same original pink blush.
For various reasons, the tomato is not yet very popular among the people. This is evidenced, among other things, by the almost complete absence of reviews about the variety on the Internet. It is easy for summer residents and gardeners to confuse a vegetable with others, similar in name:
- Blush - American yellow-pink cherry tomatoes in the form of cream (the first word is often omitted in the name)
- Northern Blush - Medium-sized red tomatoes.
Pink-fruited tomato Blush from Search does not differ in outstanding yield. It is appreciated for something else - very tasty and healthy fruits. It is better to grow the culture under film shelters or in stationary greenhouses. The characteristics declared by breeders may be of interest to gardeners. However, the experience of planting a young tomato among people is still small.
Summer residents and owners of personal plots rarely use these words. Determinant plants have a limited growth point, which means that they are not tall. Indeterminate tomatoes, on the other hand, are tall and require more care. They need to be tied up, pinned and provided with the proper conditions for growth.
If tall tomatoes grow better in greenhouse conditions, then undersized tomatoes can be planted in open ground and used for greenhouses. The list of undersized varieties is long, so you can find different types of tomatoes.
Indeterminate varieties of tomatoes for one season (provided that they are grown in heated greenhouses, they give about 40-50 brushes). If the plants are in ordinary greenhouses in the country, then the number of brushes rarely exceeds 30 brushes. In the southern regions, planting of tall varieties in open ground is allowed. If your summer is cold and short, then it would be more correct to minimize the planting of tall varieties. They give a crop later and in the northern regions they do not always have time to ripen.
Determinant tomatoes have lower yields, but they ripen faster. Most varieties require tying and shaping. If you do not have time to leave, then preference should be given to standard varieties. This is one of the varieties of determinate tomatoes with a short, strong stem. They need neither tying nor shaping.
Description of the variety
Tomato Rumyanets was brought out by specialists from the Moscow region agrofirm Poisk. Since 2015, the variety has been listed in the selection State Register of the Russian Federation. Approved for planting on all agricultural land in the country. The tomato is recommended for protected ground. In practice, gardeners in warm regions successfully harvest crops from open beds.
Varietal bush is medium-sized, moderately branched, there are few leaves, their size is medium. The inflorescence is of the simple type. The plant forms the first flower cluster above the 5-6th leaf, the subsequent ones - after one. These tomatoes stand out with a pleasant-looking deep pink color (see photo). Medium density pulp is hidden under a fairly strong skin. She has a juicy structure, decent taste and aroma.
By type of growth
By type of use
By cultivation method
Fruit weight (g)
Productivity (kg / m2)
Unusual varieties of tomatoes
As we said above, there are many varieties of tomatoes today. And among them there are those that have high decorative properties, but at the same time their taste is good!
For example, Striped Stuffer. These tomatoes have an unusual color. Red with orange stripes, they will decorate any table.
Yellow Riffled tomatoes are bright yellow in color. There are many cavities inside, but the pulp is sweetish, tasty.
Wild tomato Sweet Pia - has small, but very bright fruits. They grow on long branches and slightly resemble bunches of grapes. The variety is excellent for growing in baskets and on balconies. Not whimsical and does not require much attention.
Another tomato variety is worthy of attention - Indigo Rose. It is the darkest known variety to date. Such a deep blue color of tomatoes (when ripe, the fruits become almost black) is due to the presence of a high content of antioxidants.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety based on the originator's data
Beautiful large fruits are the main advantage of the Blush tomato. Its pulp is called sugar pulp. Excellent tasting qualities explain the main specialization of the variety laid down by the originators: salad type. Tomatoes look and savor no worse in winter preparations, sauces or juices.
The rest of the quality characteristics of the tomato:
- Increased resistance to tobacco mosaic virus.
- Good preservation of the harvested ripe crop. Also, the fruits do not tend to crumple during transportation.
- Resistance to stress in the garden. Tomato normally survives short-term summer cold snap and temperature fluctuations.
- An increased dose of vitamins and nutrients.
Claimed culture flaws:
- Cultivation methods for most agricultural regions of the country are limited to protected types of soil.
- The stem is weak to support the ripening crop. Individual hands should be tied.
- Tomato needs the correct formation of the stems and their subsequent pinching.
- The yield is average. 2-3 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush per season. The yield of commercial quality vegetables is about 75-80%.
The best varieties of tomatoes
For planting in open ground, it is better to choose determinant tomato varieties that ripen quickly and do not require constant maintenance. These are Dachnik varieties (do not require pinching, fruit weight - 120-180 g), "Explosion" (early, resistant to late blight, fruit weight - 110-150 g), "Countryman" (suitable for open ground, but feels better in greenhouses, fruit weight - about 75 g), "Dubok" (resistant to late blight, fruits ripen in 100-110 days, fruit weight - 90-130 g), "Siberian early ripening" (ripens 98 days, fruit weight - 60 -140 g), "Apple tree of Russia" (amicable harvest in 90-110 days, fruit weight - 70-80 g).
The early ripe tomato variety "Sanka" is worthy of attention. On a small compact bush with a height of 30-60 centimeters, fruits weighing 80-110 grams grow. The variety is resistant to diseases, easy to care for. Low-growing bushes are ideal for outdoor cultivation. Garter and pinning are not required for this variety. These tomatoes are suitable for the Moscow region and other regions where there is no such long and hot summer as in the south. This variety requires top dressing and loosening, and if you do everything right, you can get a great harvest.
Simple and unpretentious tomato "Volgogradsky". Until recently, it was one of the most popular for its ease of care and high yields. But today the variety has lost some ground, as new, more productive and attractive ones have appeared.
As soon as autumn comes, summer residents immediately decide for themselves which varieties of tomatoes they will buy. Some liked the yield and ease of care, while others did not fit the soil and conditions, and the harvest was poor.
In addition to their favorite varieties, summer residents and gardeners will certainly experiment, and every year they buy new hybrids to try them on their site. And suddenly something worthwhile turns out, and there will be something to boast to colleagues in the garden! In this review, we will focus on the most popular varieties that are popular and have shown themselves well in different conditions.
The variety of pink tomatoes "Miracle of the Earth" managed to fall in love with summer residents for the sweet pink fruits. The yield per bush is about 4 kilograms. The variety is early maturing, high, suitable for open ground, but grows better in greenhouses. The size of the fruits is from 400 to 700 g, but if you provide good conditions and proper care, you can expect more weighty tomatoes.
Dina yellow tomatoes are medium early, contain a lot of carotene and are suitable for open ground or planting under low shelters. Smooth, rounded fruits weigh 100-150 g. Sometimes the weight of fruits reaches 300 g. They are not suitable for salting in the best way, but for short-term storage and eating it is ideal!
The maroon color of the brown sugar tomatoes captivates many summer residents. The weight of the fruit is 120-150 g. However, experienced gardeners are interested in a completely different quality of this variety - resistance to frost. As soon as the cold sets in, most of the plants die, but not "Brown sugar". Even after frosts (albeit small ones), tomatoes will continue to ripen. It is recommended to use these tomatoes for fresh consumption and for preparing salads. And what kind of juice is obtained from them!
Tomatoes "Bull's forehead" and "Bull's heart" have occupied an honorable place in the country "tops" for many years. The bushes of both those and others will have to be tied up, since their yield is high. Otherwise, the plants may break.
Tomatoes "Sanka" are also included in the top popularity - we have already written about them above, so we will not repeat ourselves.
De Barao tomatoes are presented on the market in several hybrids and in several colors (pink, orange, royal, black, red). If the bushes are not cut, then their height can reach 4 meters. Tomato has a spicy, sweetish taste. The variety is ideal for canning: the skin is firm, does not burst, and the shape is preserved.
For the preparation of salads for the winter, the preparation of tomato juice and fresh consumption, the variety "Wild Rose" is suitable. The weight of the fruits varies and largely depends on the care of the conditions. As a rule, it is 400-1000 g.
Sugar Giant is another large-fruited variety that has a sweet taste and is just perfect for harvesting tomato juice. But it is not suitable for canning: the thin skin quickly bursts, and you are unlikely to be able to push a large fruit into the jar.
Among the novelties, experienced summer residents managed to note the varieties "Black bunch".
When choosing tomato varieties for your plot or greenhouse, be sure to take several varieties at once.
Weather conditions, soil condition, frequency of watering, feeding and fertilization, disease resistance - all this will inevitably affect the yield. And if you plant only one variety, then you run the risk of being left without tomatoes. You won't plant much on a small plot of two or three hundred parts, but it is better to let it be several varieties, represented by 3-5 plants, than one variety in large quantities.
Cherry tomatoes: a small hit in the gardens of summer residents
When it comes time to clean up greenhouses or greenhouses, to clear the beds of plants, many gardeners ask themselves: where to put the cherry tomato bushes? The fact is that a significant part of the varieties are suitable for growing in pots, and after transplanting they can bear fruit until the New Year.
Ideal for growing cherry hybrids Cherry Likopa, Lisa, Kira, Ira, Maksik and some others. The peculiarity of the fruits is that they are perfectly preserved, and can lie for more than a month. And at the same time they will not deteriorate and will not even start to rot! And the Cherry Kira hybrid can be stored for about 2.5 months. For this reason, sellers and summer residents like it so much.
Cherry Lisa tomatoes can be safely planted in a pot and grown on a windowsill.
Collect and store cherry tomatoes with brushes. This will preserve the taste and aromas of the fruit. By the way, Cherry can also be used as an ornamental plant.
They can be planted in ordinary buckets - the volume will be enough for growing a full-fledged bush.
Growing Tomatoes Bovine Heart
Growing a large-fruited variety is not so easy, especially if it is the first time. Therefore, you do not need to plant a lot of tomatoes. It is better to limit yourself to a few bushes in order to check the features of agricultural technology on them.
All varieties of Bovine Heart tomatoes belong to mid-season varieties, therefore, the seedling method of growing is used. The timing of sowing tomato seeds Bovine heart for seedlings in each region will be different, since when planting in a permanent place, climatic conditions are taken into account. The average sowing time is early or mid-March.
In advance, two weeks in advance, the soil is prepared:
- It should be fertile, loose and breathable.
- The use of ready-made soil intended for growing seedlings is not prohibited.
- The soil is poured into containers scalded with boiling water.
- Then the soil is poured with boiling water with potassium permanganate. This is necessary to remove disease spores and pest larvae.
- The seed is disinfected in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for about 15 minutes, then washed with clean water.
- In the container, grooves are made with a depth of 3 cm and the seeds are spread at a distance of 2-3 cm.
- Irrigate with a syringe so as not to wash out the seed.
- Cover the top with a transparent lid to create a greenhouse effect.
You can sow seeds in a snail:
- The containers are placed in a warm, well-lit place.
- When the first hooks appear, the shelter is removed, and the seedlings are transferred to a cool place (there should be a lot of light) for 2-3 days so that the sprouts do not stretch out.
- When two true leaves appear on the plants, the sprouts are transplanted into separate containers.
- A pick is a prerequisite for obtaining seedlings with powerful roots.
At the stage of growing seedlings, 2-3 dressings are carried out. Can be used:
- wood ash
- ammonia solution
- potassium permanganate.
Water the tomatoes sparingly, avoiding the drying out of the soil. After watering, shallow loosening is carried out.
Two weeks before planting the seedlings in a permanent place, the tomatoes are hardened. For this, the plants are taken out into the air for 10 minutes in partial shade, then the time is increased.
In the south of Russia, tomato varieties are grown in the open air. In harsher conditions, greenhouses or greenhouses will be required to produce crops.
Planting in protected ground is carried out at the end of April, if the greenhouse has heating. In other cases - in the last days of May. Tomato seedlings are planted in open ground when warm weather sets in, the threat of frost return will disappear, around mid-June.
Before digging into the ground, compost (1 bucket), wood ash (2 glasses) are added to each square. Wells are made and spilled with warm water with the addition of potassium permanganate.
Seedlings are planted if they are not higher than 20-25 cm to the first true leaf while standing. If the seedlings have outgrown, they deepen it. It is best to plant the bushes lying down.
After planting, the plants are well watered, and the soil around them is mulched with humus or dry straw to retain moisture and create comfortable conditions for the root system.
Growing Bovine Heart Tomatoes in a Greenhouse
Caring for tomatoes Bovine heart in a greenhouse is complicated by high humidity and temperature. We will have to provide timely ventilation in order to prevent the outbreak of diseases and the reproduction of pests. In hot weather, open the vents completely so that all the moisture comes out.
Tomatoes are watered abundantly once a week. At first, up to 7 liters of water are poured under the bushes, later - a little more than a bucket. If the weather is very hot, then watering is more frequent, up to 1.5 buckets of water are consumed per plant.
Irrigation is carried out only at the root before sunrise or in the evening. Water should not get on the leaves. The best option is the construction of drip irrigation.
When growing tomatoes in greenhouses, the temperature is maintained at 20-22 degrees during the daytime, at least 16 degrees at night. Air humidity should be within 65-70%.
To obtain a good harvest, tomatoes require manual pollination. The bushes shake slightly during the day when the humidity is lower.
When 7-8 brushes with fruits are formed, pinch the top of the main stem. This procedure allows the fruit to pour and ripen evenly.
Tomatoes of the Bull Heart variety are demanding for feeding. There must be at least 3 of them:
- after planting seedlings, after 14-21 days, the bushes are watered with mullein infusion
- after another 10 days - with a solution of chicken manure
- after 3 weeks - mullein.
Since the plants are tall and the fruits are heavy, it is necessary to set up wooden supports or pull on twine to fix the stems and brushes with tomatoes.
Growing Bovine Heart Tomatoes in the Open Field
The soil for tomatoes is prepared in the fall. Per sq. m bring 4 kg of rotted manure, 2 glasses of ash. If the gardener uses mineral fertilizers, then you can add:
- potassium chloride - 1 tbsp. l.
- superphosphate - 5 tbsp. l.
Dig up the soil by removing the roots of weeds.
Planting is carried out in mid-June. The holes are made at a distance of 50 cm. The feeding scheme coincides with those that are carried out in the greenhouse. Watering the Oxheart tomatoes, if there is no rain, you need to twice a week. More often during the July heat.
In the open field, Bovine Heart tomatoes are recommended to be grown in two stems. Plants are tied to pegs or stretched along the cords, as in the picture below. Tomatoes are stepson, leaves are removed.
Harvesting seeds for planting next season
Seeds from fruits that have been grown in your own garden can be sown for no more than 4 years. In the future, they may lose varietal qualities.
Experienced summer residents recommend harvesting seeds as follows:
- choose the largest tomato from the second brush from the bottom
- wait until it is fully ripe
- pick the fruit and hold it in the house for several days
- cut the tomato, get the seeds
- dry them
- put seeds in paper envelopes
Experience of growing tomato Bull Heart Black
Tomato "Bull's Heart" is a favorite of summer residents. Description and characteristics, cultivation and care, possible diseases (Photo & Video) + Reviews
Bovine hearts are a reliable variety, tested by several generations of gardeners. Therefore, we can safely say that this variety of tomatoes is capable of producing excellent fruit in Russian areas. According to reviews, the plants show the best yield when planted in a greenhouse. But fruits of impressive size are formed only with careful care. Feedback from our readers is very important for us. If you disagree with these ratings, leave your rating in the comments with the reasons for your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.